The 1UZFE is the first in the Toyota UZ family. Toyota designed this new 4.0L V8 to replace the outdated Toyota 5V. The 1UZFE was a highly advanced V8 engine, that now has a cult following. Just the LS family, the UZ family has been heavily modified and is known very well among the tuner community.
1UZ-FE: Engine Basics
If you didn’t already know, the 1UZFE was a pretty advanced engine when it came out. Very few V8’s at the time were DOHC, with 32 valves. The 1UZFE is arguably the first ever reliable DOHC V8, which is completely believable since most DOHC V8’s before it was in exotic cars.
The cylinder block of the 1UZFE is aluminum and is a 90* V8. The cylinder heads are also made of aluminum. Like I mentioned before, it is a dual overhead camshaft engine, with 32 valves (4 valves per cylinder). Unfortunately, the 1UZFE doesn’t have hydraulic lifters, so it needs periodic valve adjustments.
Later versions of the 1UZFE received Toyota’s VVT-i system, which improved horsepower and fuel economy. Let’s take a look at some of the basic specifications below.
- Production: 1989-2002
- Cylinder Block Material: Aluminum
- Cylinder Head Material: Aluminum
- Valve train: DOHC, 4 valves per cylinder
- Stroke: 82.5mm
- Bore: 87.5mm
- Compression Ratio: 10:1 – 10.5:1 (VVT-i)
- Displacement: 3969cc
- Redline: 6,200 – 6,500 rpm (VVT-i)
- Weight: 364 lbs
Cars That Came With The 1UZ
The 1UZFE came in a variety of Toyota cars, ranging from sports cars to luxury cars. Toyota equipped the 1UZ in the Lexus GS400, LS400, and SC400. The 1UZFE was also equipped in the Toyota Aristo, Celsior, Crown, and Soarer. I owned an SC400 for a while and loved how to engine felt in that car.
- Lexus GS400
- Lexus LS400
- Lexus SC400
- Toyota Aristo
- Toyota Celsior
- Toyota Crown
- Toyota Soarer
1UZ-FE: Performance Data
Like I mentioned before, the 1UZFE has come in a couple different forms over the years. Engine changes such as VVT-i increased the horsepower.
- 256 horsepower @ 5,400 rpm
- 260 lb-ft of torque @ 4,400 rpm
Toyota added higher compression ratio pistons
- 261 horsepower @ 5,400 rpm
- 269 lb-ft of torque @ 4,400 rpm
Toyota developed their VVT-i to work on the 1UZFE
- 290 horsepower @ 5,900 rpm
- 300 lb-ft of torque @ 4,100 rpm
Toyota added a few revisions
- 300 horsepower @ 6,000 rpm
- 310 lb-ft of torque @ 4,000 rpm
As you might be able to tell from these numbers, the VVT-i system worked wonders of the 1UZFE. The VVT-i system added 40 horsepower, and 40 lb-ft of torque. Most notably, the VVT-i system brought the peak torque down 400 rpm, making the car much more fun to drive around the street.
1UZ-FE: Tuning Potential
If you’re a car guy or car gal, then this is the part you’ve been waiting for. How can this engine be tuned to make more horsepower than factory? Well, naturally aspirated builds can reach as high as 400 horsepower, but costs a fortune, and is hard to build.
The Terminator Cobra supercharger or Eaton M90 is a common addition the 1UZFE. With additional changes such as fuel injectors and an exhaust, the 1UZFE can make 350+ horsepower @ 6 psi. Building the bottom end with lower compression ratio pistons, the 1UZFE can make 400+ horsepower @ 10 psi.
Turbo kits are available for most cars that came equipped with the 1UZFE, but they need a built bottom end to survive. Much like other great Toyota engines (1JZ, 2JZ, etc.), the stock 1UZFE block is good for over 1,000 horsepower.
1UZ-FE vs VH45DE
The 1UZ is undoubtedly the best in the UZ family, but how does it stack up against the competition? Nissan’s VH45DE is the only real competitor to the 1UZ-FE. Both are dual overhead cam, both have a displacement of less than 4.6L, and both came from Japan. Both were designed for luxury cars.
The VH45DE made a pretty impressive 278 horsepower and 294 lb-ft of torque. This was pretty impressive at the time but not as impressive as the power level of the 1UZ-FE. Like I mentioned above, the 1UZ made 300 horsepower and 310 lb-ft of torque at its best. That’s 22 horsepower and 16 lb-ft more than the VH45DE, while also being .5L smaller in displacement.
They’re both fairly expensive to swap, and pretty expensive to make high horsepower. However, the 1UZ’s higher horsepower out of the factory really makes it more impressive in my opinion. Let me know in the comments below if you think the VH45DE is better than the 1UZ-FE.
The 1UZFE was a technological breakthrough for the automotive industry. DOHC V8’s weren’t all that new, but they had never been reliable. Toyota knocked it out of the park with the 1UZFE. Not only is it powerful, but it’s also reliable, and can take a bunch of tuning abuse. Let me know what you think of the 1UZ in the comments below!